AABB Ebola fact sheet addresses questions about the virus

AABB encourages blood establishments to refer to the AABB Ebola Fact Sheet on the AABB website.

From the AABB:

“While Ebola is not recognized as a transfusion-transmitted infection (!?!), viremia does occur. However, viremic patients are expected to be symptomatic and therefore unqualified to donate. In addition, infections have been confined to malarious areas from which prospective donors would be deferred for one year. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the virus has resulted in more than 1,000 laboratory-confirmed cases of Ebola from late March to the present in the West African nations of Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria and Sierra Leone. Background information and guidelines for infection control practices are located on the CDC website. The AABB Transfusion Transmitted Diseases committee, which developed the AABB Ebola fact sheet, continues to follow developments in West Africa and consider their implications for transfusion medicine.”

According to the AABB Ebola Fact Sheet, common human exposure routes include:

  • Skin or mucous membrane contact with virus-laden materials from sick patients has probably been responsible for most recognized human infections.
  • Unsafe needle injections
  • Contact with sick or dead monkeys

Can someone smarter than me please explain why Ebola is not recognized as a transfusion-transmitted infection?

 

 

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